Surprisingly, a lot of women do not know about endometriosis. It is a condition where tissues similar to those found in the uterus (endometrium) grow outside it. These tissues often affect the ovaries and fallopian tubes. Women with endometriosis may have painful periods because these endometrial-like tissues break down every month with the usual menstrual cycle. So, when should you see an endometriosis specialist in Midtown West? We have a guide below that can help!
Common Symptoms of Endometriosis
Many women do not have evident signs of endometriosis, which often delays the diagnosis. Typical symptoms include pain in the back and pelvic area during periods, extremely painful menstrual cramps, heavy period bleeding, and painful sex. In some cases, symptoms may also look like fatigue that refuses to get better and constipation. Women who have endometriosis may have a hard time getting pregnant. If you have extreme pain during periods, also called dysmenorrhea, you need to check with an OBGYN without delay. One of the common signs of endometriosis is painful intercourse.
Understanding Endometriosis Better
Endometriosis is classified into three types – Superficial peritoneal lesion, ovarian lesion, and deeply infiltrating endometriosis. Most common of all is superficial peritoneal lesions, where the lesions grow on the peritoneum. Doctors and researchers aren’t entirely sure what triggers endometriosis, but some believe retrograde menstruation could be a reason. There is also some evidence that connects the condition with genes.
Do You Need to See a Gynecologist for Endometriosis?
The short answer is yes. Endometriosis is one of the leading causes of infertility in women. The condition can prevent normal ovulation, making getting pregnant hard or even blocking sperm from getting inside the fallopian tubes. Your doctor can advise on the treatment, which may involve the removal of endometrial tissues surgically or using intrauterine insemination (IUI) for getting pregnant. If none of the other options work, there is still the choice of In vitro fertilization (IVF).
How Is the Diagnosis Made?
Your endometriosis specialist may do a pelvic exam, but in most cases, imaging tests are enough to check the organs for growth of endometrial tissues. Laparoscopy is the most certain way of diagnosing the condition, and in some cases, a biopsy may be needed.
Do not ignore menstrual pain or period issues at any point in your life. Check with a doctor in Midtown West to know if you have endometriosis, and you can work together to come up with a treatment plan.