Signs and Symptoms of Infertility

Infertility is a condition defined as not being able to get pregnant for one year of trying to conceive by having unprotected sex. This condition occurs in both men and women. Infertility Upper West Side affects thousands of people worldwide and can lead to adverse outcomes such as divorce or painful stigmas.

Luckily, your specialist can treat your infertility disorders. It can be challenging to detect infertility if you do not show symptoms. In most cases though, you will show infertility signs and symptoms, which include:

Abnormal periods

In women, changes in the menstrual cycle and ovulation may be a symptom of a disease related to infertility. The woman may experience abnormal periods where bleeding is heavier or lighter than regular, and heavy periods can be followed by excruciating cramps. Irregular periods where you cannot track the number of days in between months or no periods can be a sign of infertility in women.

Pain during sex

Dyspareunia is persistent pain or recurrent pain that happens during sexual intercourse. It can be an underlying health condition like endometriosis or fibroids that can lead to infertility in women. Painful sex can affect both men and women but is most common in women.

Inability to get pregnant

The inability to conceive is the primary sign of infertility in women after a particular duration of having unprotected sex. Your doctor can diagnose infertility if you do not become pregnant after a year of trying. If you are over 35 years, you may be considered infertile if you do not get pregnant after six months of trying.

Erectile dysfunction

Hormonal changes, psychological factors, or physical issues may affect or make it difficult for men to get or keep an erection. If this occurs regularly, it may interfere with sexual intercourse or be a sign of an underlying issue.

Ejaculation disorders

Ejaculation is the expulsion of semen from the body in men. Having difficulty ejaculating or experiencing changes in the ejaculate, such as a drop in volume, can affect your fertility. Ejaculation problems may also be an underlying issue related to a man’s fertility.

Changes in testicles

Healthy testicles are an essential aspect of male fertility. Small or firm testicles that feel tight may signify hormone issues. Swollen or painful testicles may indicate an underlying problem like an infection that can affect sperm quality, leading to infertility.

Hormonal imbalances

A variety of hormonal imbalances can affect a man’s fertility. Testosterone is the crucial hormone for male fertility. It is the significant male sex hormone that regulates fertility. When levels of testosterone drop below the normal range, they can lead to infertility in men. Any problem affecting the testes which produce this hormone can lead to infertility.


Obesity affects fertility in both genders. Obese women have lower chances of conceiving and a higher risk of experiencing complications during pregnancy. Obesity in men can affect sperm quality and cause sexual dysfunction, resulting in infertility.

To determine the cause of your infertility, your doctor will carry out diagnostic tests and develop the appropriate treatment. Schedule an appointment at Karen F. Broadman, MD, to treat the cause of infertility and achieve your dream of starting a family.

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